Tuesday, November 6, 2018
The four levels of Kedoshim
1) A Yid who was killed by a Goy even if it was not an antisemitic act (robbery), is a קדוש.
See Shu"t Chasam Sofer* (Y.D. 333) based on Sanhedrin 47a וכיון דאיקטול קרי להו עבדיך - & Rashi (Tehillim 79:2) בשר חסידיך - משקבלו פורענותם הרי הם חסידים
A Yid whose life was cut short by a Goy killing him acquires his כפרה
2) A Yid who was killed by an anti-Semite because he is Jewish. (Pittsburgh etc.)
See Shu"t Mahril 99, who refers to them as קדושי עליון and says on them "אין כל בריה יכולה לעמוד במחיצתן
3a) A Yid who was forced by a Goy to be עובר one of the ג' עבירות (or any Mitzvah if there is a Gezeira to be עובר) and was killed for refusing to be עובר, is a קדוש.
3b) If this was done in front of 10 Yidden He is a מקדש שם שמים ברבים
(Rambam יסודי התורה פרק ה.)
4) A Yid & perhaps even a Goy* or a Zionist*** non-frum soldier who sacrificed his life to save other Yidden. He is the ultimate קדוש on whom Chazal (Bava Basra 10b) say אין כל בריה יכולה לעמוד במחיצתן.
*The Chasam Sofer had a son who was killed by a Goy
**Papus & Lulinus
*** The newer Artscroll Siddurim/Machzorim has a Yizkor prayer for them
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