Thursday, March 29, 2018

Why Do We Have Kos Shel Eliyahu

אליהו הנביא

Many believe that אליהו הנביא actually appears at every Seder table on Pesach Night. (similar to lehavdil Sand Klotz) Some think, 
we open the door at שפוך חמתך so אליהו הנביא can enter and drink from the כוס that was prepared specifically for him.

 כוס של אליהו is not mentioned in Bavli, Yerushalmi or Shulchan Aruch. The first to mention it is the חק יעקב  ( O Ch. 480).* 

1) The משנה ברורה writes, it is called כוס של אליהו to remind us, the same way Hashem redeemed us from מצרים, so too will he 
redeem us and send אליהו with the בשורה of Mashiach’s arrival.

2) Others say that the reason is because there is a מחלוקת if you need 4 or 5 cups. אליהו הנביא will solve this dispute.

3) The ערוך השלחן writes, "Some have a minhag to stand up and say ברוך הבא. All this is to strengthen the אמונה.  In ניסן Hashem 
redeemed us and in ניסן, he will redeem us again. 
Opening the door is also to show our אמונה in ביאת המשיח in case אליהו הנביא will appear, we will run out to be מקבל פני משיח 
with no delay".

None of the Poskim ever said that אליהו הנביא actually appears, at the  Seder.
 Let us hope that this year he will actually appear at the Seder ויבשר לנו the בשורה of ”הגיע זמן גאולתכם”.

*The Piskei Teshuvos quotes the Maharal (70-80 yrs. before the Ch.Yakov)  in Divrei Negidim.
The truth is that the Divrei Negidim is a forgery and not from the Maharal but R. Yidel Rosenberg’s  z”l own invention

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