אלמלא חוני אתה גוזרני עליך נידוי (לנדות ב"ח)
Malochim (angels) acting as intermediates for the Tefilos , goes back
to the times of the Gemoro (Shabbos 12b).
Tefilos directed to the Malochim,* started in the times of the Gaonim. We find
in Selichos, some Pizmonim where we daven directly to the Malochim.
Kabbalists had a practice of forcing an oath on the
Malochim. ( משביעין את המלאכים ).
Hashem gives permission to the Malochim to do as they are commanded
(by the Kabbalist) even if the recipients are not worthy and have no zechusim
for the favour. (Levush)
There used to be a Minhag for Chazanim to force an oath on the Malochim.
The Chazanim were concerned, an Ayin Hora will cause them to lose
their voice during Davening.
The Chazanim had a Nusach they said, before saying Hamelech.(Yomim Noroim)
בשם שמעי' -------(שמות של מלאכים)---- אני פלוני בן פלוני משביע אני עליכם
שתסייעו לי שאתפלל היום בקול רם ונעים וערב ואל יחר גרוני ואל ילאה רוחי וכוחי
(In the name of the Malochim --- I Ploni the son of Ploni, place a Shevuah
on you (Malochim) that you will help me to Daven today with a voice
that is loud, pleasant and sweet, and my throat shouldn’t anger (cough)
and my spirit and strength shouldn’t tire.)
The Levush (O.Ch.584) was against this Hashba’ah (oath). He claims it
is wrong to force Hashem to accept your Tefillos**. The acceptance of
Tefillos is dependant on the Kavanos Halev,and you may not force it.
The second issue the Levush had against it, was, Hefsek, The Nusach was
said after Baruch Sheomar.(before Hamelech)
The Levush suggest to eliminate it altogether and if not possible, then it
should at least be said before Baruch Sheomar.
*Many Poskim(Maharal, Vilna Gaon< Chasam Sofer etc.)
were against it, but weren’t successful,in stopping it.
** loss of voice is a sign of non acceptance of Tefilos
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