B’rosh Hashana Yikoseivun Uvyom Tzom Kippur Yeichoseimun
On R.H. will be inscribed and on Yom Kippur will be sealed.
To whom is the payton referring to ?
Chazal tell us that both, Tzadikim and Reshoim have the Kesiva and Chasima on R.H.
The Beinonim have the Kesiva and Chasima on Yom Kippur.
a) The Paytan disagrees with R. Kruspadoai and holds that all have the Kesiva on Rosh Hashanah
and the Chasima on Yom Kippur.
b) The Beinonim can have their Kesiva on day 1 or day 2 -3 -4 etc. until Yom Kippur (depending when
he did Teshuva) Some Beinonim have the Kesiva on R.H. and others have it on Y.K. but all Beinonim
have the Chasima on Y.K. (Maharsha R.H.)
c) For Yechidim (individuals ) The Kesiva & Chasima happens the same day (Tzadikim & Reshoim on R.H.
and Beinonim on Y.K.)
For the Tzibbur (Kehilla, City, Country etc.) If the Tzibbur is Beinoni, The Kesiva is on R.H. and the
Chasima on Y.K. ( Shu"t Mahram Shik O.Ch. 300)