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The Torah Matzav
Monday, March 6, 2023
Forbidden to fast on תענית אסתר
The fast day of תענית
אסתר* on the 13th of Adar
is not mentioned in בבלי or ירושלמי. It was
instituted by the Gaonim. (The first mention
of תענית אסתר is
in the שאילתות דרב אחאי גאון)
Before they abolished the מגילת תענית it was
forbidden to fast on the 13th of Adar
because the day before or after the
Yomim Tovim mentioned in מגילת תענית
(Purim Chanuka etc,) were also included
as the days forbidden to fast.
The רא"ש quotes the ר' תם "The
only סמך (minor
source) for fasting is from the Gemoro Megilah 2a
that says י"ג זמן קהלה לכל היא The
they gather to say Selichos because of the fast day".
to be confused with the three days fast in Nissan mentioned
in the Megillah.
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