Monday, December 26, 2022

Riddles

 


R. Tzvi Yehuda (Hashi) Friedman a"h  (1925-2005)
.נפטר בשבת קדש א' דר"ח טבת (ל' כסליו) ה'תשס"ו

 Born in Pressburg, Slovakia, Reb Hashi was a descendant of the Chasam Sofer, whose youngest daughter, Rechel, married Reb Tzvi Yehuda Friedman from Topolcany. Their youngest son, Yeshaya,  had a son, Moshe. Reb Moshe had three sons, Nissan, Hashi, and Pinchas. Among Hashi’s Rabbaiem were Rav D,Z, Peteney (Maharsha Ha; Aruch) Rav Akiva Sofer (the Daas Sofer), Rav Avraham Shmuel Binyomin Sofer (the Cheishev Sofer), Rav Yidel Donath, Rav S.D. Unger (Nitra Rav) Rav Refuel Bloom (Kashau Rav) Rav Moshe Stern (Debrecen Rav) and Rav Michoel Ber Weissmandel zt"l.In the early forties, he was constantly running away from the Nazis ym"s. Wherever he escaped to he managed to pick up and learn from a new Rebbie. In 1944, he was sent to Auschwitz and marched the Death March to Gleiwitz and was transported to Buchenwald. His entire family was murdered and he remained the sole survivor in the family. His life was filled with Torah& Chesed. He had a brilliant mind, was an original thinker, a Gevaldige Mechadesh, had a tremendous memory and a keen interest in all facets in Torah. He was a tremendous Talmid Chacham and Yadan Bchol Miktzo'os Hatorah. His Olam Hazeh and greatest pleasure in life was to learn and teach Torah. In his office at work, he had a Seforim Shrank fully stocked with Seforim so he could learn while he was free from work. He gave countless Shiurim Berabim. He was in the midst of giving a Gemoro Shiur, early in the morning when he was called out to move his car. On his way out he slipped on the ice and fell. He never regained consciousness. He was niftar the following day Shabbos Chanuka Parshas Mikeitz. He was Mekayam the Pasuk וזאת התורה אדם כי ימות באהל


                                Riddles

1) The only reason he needs to repeat the
שמונה עשרה is because he did say יעלה ויבא
on Rosh Chodesh
(in the שמונה עשרה).
?
 

2) There was only one day in the entire
year (א' טבת) that it was not done. - 

 



Answer:

1) The ( רא"ש (מס' ברכות פרק ד':ב says if one is required to Daven
two Shemonei Esreis to compensate for the previous Tefillah
(תשלומין) then one needs to Daven the proper שמונה עשרה
first and afterward the תשלומין שמונה עשרה. One may not
reverse the order. (תשלומין first etc.)

The (רמ"א (או"ח סימן ק"ח:ט writes, "if one  Davened Rosh Chodesh
Ma'ariv with two Shemonei Esreis (תשלומין for the previous Mincha)
and he said יעלה ויבא the second שמונה עשרה and not the first
שמונה עשרה then he needs to repeat the שמונה עשרה (a third time)".

By not saying יעלה ויבא the first time and saying it the second
time he shows that he considers the first שמונה עשרה as תשלומין
for the Mincha of Erev Rosh Chodesh.

However had he not said יעלה ויבא on both שמונה עשרה he
would not have to repeat a third time.

Hence, because he said יעלה ויבא (second שמונה עשרה)  
on Rosh Chodesh, he needs to repeat the שמונה עשרה
----------------------------------------------------------------------------


                NO
מעמדות
2) The משנה (Ta'anis 26a) says, "The only day
of the year where we have הלל*,(whole) מוסף**
& קרבן עצים*** is on א' טבת
Due to the busy schedule on that day, there were 
no מעמדות**** on the 1st day of Teves."
The only day in the entire year not having מעמדות



*    Chanukah
**   Rosh Chodesh
***  one of the 9 times in a year when 
certain families donated wood for the מזבח
**** The אנשי מעמד fasted from Monday to Thursday 
They had a special קריאת התורה and תפילה  They
stood by every day while the Kohanim were מקריב קרבנות

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