Monday, April 11, 2022

The fifth son

 

 

לע"נ איש החסד והמעש רודף צדקה הרב משה אלון (קלוורי) זצ"ל 
                              יום השנה ט' ניסן                       


                                  THE FIFTH SON

        אחד1 חכם - אחד2 רשע - אחד3תם - ואחד4 שאינו יודע לשאול 



The last Lubavitcher Rebbe zt"l, said*  "The sequence
of the four sons goes in order from good to bad to worse.

The רשע is in a better position than the תם
& שאינו יודע לשאול. The רשע can turn over and
become a Tzadik בשעה אחת in a very short time.

Whereas to stamp out ignorance and עמי הארצות,
takes lots of time, energy & effort. 

The Rebbe said there are different levels of
עמי הארצות. We have a תם and a שאינו יודע לשאול
who both attend the Seder. They at least know it's Yom Tov and the need to sit down to a Seder.

There is, however, a fifth son who has absolutely
no knowledge at all of Pesach, of a Seder, or of any Mitzvohs, etc. This son is even more of an ignoramus than the שאינו יודע לשאול he doesn't even attend a Seder." 

(ע"כ)

Perhaps, the fifth son is the מכה אשר לא כתובה בתורה We have only כנגד ארבעה בנים דברה תורה.(4 sons)

To the fifth son, we say כל דכפין ייתי וייכול. Whoever
is hungry should come in to eat. All we ask him 
to do is to join us for a meal.

This is the עבודה at the Seder, to stamp out עמי הארצות.
To get rid of and be מבער ignorance
כי ישאלך בנך – והגדת לבנך 

The sequence in which to do this is by
starting with
1) כל דכפין, inviting him to eat with us.
2) את פתח לו  which will get him to
3) וכאן הבן שואל. By now you can get to the stage of
4) אף אתה אמור לו כהלכות הפסח to become a Talmid Chacham
 (אמבצי)


* Heard from my son R. Ashi נר"ו

 

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