Tuesday, November 2, 2021

DAF YOMI-R. A. Eiger's Judenstern Lamp



 Daf Yomi Rosh Hashanah 24 a&b

The Shulchan Aruch (Y.D. 141-8) states,
“You are not allowed to replicate the שלחן and 
מנורה etc. of the בית המקדש.

The type of metal or size doesn't matter.  You may
not make a seven-branch Menorah".

R.Akiva Eiger's son in law (R. Shmuel Birnbaum zt"l) writes his 
Shver had a silver Judenstern Shabbos lamp with seven spouts.
He took it to a silversmith who with great difficulty managed to add 
on an additional spout so it wouldn't be a seven-branch Menorah

R.A.Eiger seems to hold like the Poskim*  that since we 
are dealing with an איסור דאורייתא  (לא תעשון אתי) therefore 
all seven branch Menorahs are forbidden, regardless of the 
shape (cups are in a straight line or in a circle etc.)

The Chasam Sofer (Toras Moshe Parshas Yisro) writes 
(based on a Tosfos Yoma 54b)  " Because we  hold 
wooden tables would be פסול in the בית המקדש 
therefore, we may make and have wooden tables in our homes.

However, metal tables regardless of size shape, or type 
of metal are kosher בדיעבד in the בית המקדש,therefore, 
all metal tables may not be made or held for personal use."


The Ch. S. continues that he sees no היתר for the Matzoh
bakery to have copper (metal) tables.

According to the Chasam Sofer, there is no היתר 
to own any metal tables. (Most commercial kitchens
in yeshivos, Shuls, Halls etc. have stainless steel tables)


The Darkei Teshuva (Y.D. 141-8) argues on the 

Ch.S., he writes, " We find  the גמרא (Shabbos119a) 

R. Chiya b Aba praised the Ba’al Habayis who brought in 

L’kovod Shabbos a golden table. Had it been אסור to 

make he would not have praised him.

בכור שור- פתחי תשובה*             




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