Monday, February 15, 2021

The unclear Kalir


          The unclear Kalir


The 'אבן עזרא קהלת ה criticizes the Piyutim of the קליר.

He has four main complaints against them. 

1) Most of them are חידות (riddles) & משלים (parables) 

2) Instead of לשון הקדש, he mixes in לשון התלמוד

3) He invents words & uses improper דקדוק (poetic license)

4) They are based on מדרשות & אגדות instead of פשט

The תשובת מהרשד"ם  (O..Ch 35) writes,
 The Sephardic Paytonim  have a simpler
language, and are more easily understood, whereas the
Ashkenazi Paytonim use difficult words and even the
ש"ץ doesn't understand what he is saying.

The  מהרשד"ם  recommends switching to Nusach Sfard,
(בני עדות המזרח) which he claims is a superior Nusach. 
 "אל תטוש תורת אמך  is not a problem because it's
only applicable when there is a small איסור involved and
not for changing a נוסח התפילה.

The Chasam Sofer (Hagohos O.Ch.68) writes that the מהרשד"ם
wasn't aware of the מגן אברהם  (68) who writes. "you are
not allowed to change the נוסח התפילה because
there are 12 gates in heaven, one for each שבט. Each one 
has his own Minhag. The ירושלמי says they are all equal
 you should not change from the Minhag of your fathers."

Had the מהרשד"ם been aware of this M.A., he would nםt
have written what he wrote.

This coming Shabbos (Zachor) in the Piyut from קליר


אָץ- He rushed

קוֹצֵץ בֶּן קוֹצֵץ - the clipper son of the clipper  (רשע בן רשע)

קְצוּצַי לְקַצֵּץ - the clipped to clip (Bnei Yisroel -  the harmed to harm)

בְּדִבּוּר מְפוֹצֵץ - with slander 

רְצוּצַי לְרוֹצֵץ - the crushed to crush (Bnei Yisroel)

לֵץ בְּבוֹאוֹ לְלוֹצֵץ - when the רשע came to do evil

פֻּלַּץ וְנִתְלוֹצֵץ - the evil turned back against him

כְּעָץ מְחַצְּצִים לְחַצֵּץ - for wanting to shoot arrows on Bnei Yisroel

כְּנֵץ עַל יוֹנָה לְנַצֵּץ - and wanting to devour like a hawk the dove

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