Sunday, January 28, 2024

Reb Akiva Eigers Judenstern Shabbos lamp

 

Parshas Hashavua  שמות כ:כ

 
   לא תעשון אתי


In Shulchan Aruch (Y.D. 141-8) it says:


“You are not allowed to replicate the שלחן and 
מנורה etc. of the בית המקדש.

The type of metal or size doesn't matter.  You may
not make a seven-branch Menorah".


R.Akiva Eiger's son in law (R. Shmuel Birnbaum zt"l) writes his 

Shver had a silver Judenstern Shabbos lamp with seven spouts.

He took it to a silversmith who with great difficulty managed to add 

on an additional spout so it wouldn't be a seven-branch Menorah


Reb Akiva Eiger seems to hold like the Poskim*  that since we 

are dealing with an איסור דאורייתא  (לא תעשון אתי) therefore 

all seven branch Menorahs are forbidden, regardless of the 

shape (cups are in a straight line or in a circle etc.)



The Chasam Sofer (Toras Moshe Parshas Yisro) writes 

(based on a Tosfos Yoma 54b)  " Because we  hold 

wooden tables would be פסול in the בית המקדש 

therefore, we may make and have wooden tables in our homes.

 

However, metal tables regardless of size shape, or type 

of metal are kosher בדיעבד in the בית המקדש,

therefore, all metal tables may not be made or held for

personal use."

 

The Chasam  Sofer  continues that he sees no היתר for the 

Matzoh bakery to have copper (metal) tables.


According to the Chasam Sofer, there is no היתר 
to own any metal tables.

 

The Darkei Teshuva (Y.D. 141-8) argues on the 

Chasam Sofer. He writes:

 " We find  the Gemoro (Shabbos119a) 

R. Chiya b Aba praised the Ba’al Habayis who brought in 

L’kovod Shabbos a golden table. Had it been אסור to 

make he would not have praised him.


בכור שור- פתחי תשובה*             

 

 

7 Branch Judenstern Shabbos Candelabra 

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