Wednesday, January 23, 2019

איסור דאורייתא, לא תעשון אתי

                    לא תעשון אתי
                      שמות כ:כ
The Gemoro (Avodah Zarah 53a) and Shulchan Aruch (Y.D. 141-8)

 “You are not allowed to replicate the Shulchan and Menorah etc. of the Bais Hamikdash. The type of metal or size doesn't matter.  You may not make a seven-branch Menorah".

Reb Akiva Eiger's son in law (R. Shmuel Birnbaum zt"l) writes that his

Shver had a silver Judenstern Shabbos lamp with seven spouts. He

took it to a silversmith who with great difficulty managed to add

on an additional spout.

Reb Akiva Eiger seems to hold like the Poskim*  that since we 

are dealing with an Issur De'orysa  (לא תעשון אתי) therefore 

all seven branch Menoras are forbidden, regardless of the 

shape (cups are in a straight line or in a circle etc.)

The Chasam Sofer (Toras Moshe Parshas Yisro) writes
(based on a Tosfos Yoma 54b) :
 " Because we  hold wooden tables would be Posul in the Bais Hamikdosh  therefore, we may make and have wooden tables in our homes.
 However, metal tables regardless of size shape or type  of metal are kosher B'dieved in the Bais Hamikdash, therefore, all metal tables may not be made for personal use."

The Chasam Sofer continues that he sees no Heter for the Matzoh bakery to have copper (metal) tables.

Most commercial kitchens in Shuls, Yeshivos, etc.
have today stainless steel tables.
Also, many people have metal tables lawn furniture etc.

According to the Chasam Sofer, there is no Heter for it.

The Darkei Teshuva (Y.D. 141-8) argues on the Chasam Sofer he writes:
 " We find  the Gemoro (Shabbos119a) 
R. Chiya b Aba praised the Ba’al Habayis who brought in 
L’kovod Shabbos a golden table. Had it been assur to 
make he would not have praised him.

*Bchor Shor- Pischei teshuva               


1 comment:

  1. Louis René Beres said:

    “For Hamas, the Israeli enemy is
    more than just a geo-strategic opponent.

    It is, rather, a delegated religious
    target slated for annihilation, one
    whose obligatory and violent elimination
    will confer blessedly eternal life
    upon the Islamic sacrificer”.

    Radical Islam: Terrorism as Power Over Death
    by Louis René Beres, 2019 January 3


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