Thursday, August 3, 2017

המקום ינחם אתכם ואותנו

Sanhedrin 19a

אמר להו תתנחמו

Many Ashkenazi Aveilim sitting Shiva L”A
place a sign with the Nusach of Nichum Aveilim
so that the visitors should be able to say it properly.
"---- המקום ינחם אתכם"

There are many Toirehs said and published on the
Nusach . (Why the word Hamakom instead of Hashem etc.)

The Nusach of 'המקום ינחם אתכם וכו is not found anywhere,
 not in בבלי,ירושלמי, טור, שלחן ערוך or other early Poskim.
The source of our Nusach is a mystery.

In our Gemoro we find a one-word Nusach of
תתנחמו In Kesubos 8b the Nusach is בעל הנחמות ינחם אתכם
Sefardim today say תנוחמו *מן השמים  

The פרישה brings a Nusach that is very close to
our Nusach but it starts with “השם” and  
not “המקום”.

The first one to use this Nusach is the שבות יעקב.
He writes, when there are two אבלים ר"ל,  one
is Menachem the other and says, 
"המקום ינחם אתכם ואותנו בתוך וכו"

*The מן השמים is probably based on the Mishna 18a 

"The כהן גדול answered back "תתברכו מן השמים"

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