Monday, January 30, 2017

קדוש קדוש קדוש קדוש

Daf Hashavua

Bava Basra 10b

                                 הרוגי מלכות אין כל בריה יכולה לעמוד במחיצתן 

The four levels of Kedoshim

1) A Yid who was killed by a Goy even if it was not an antisemitic act (robbery), is a קדוש.
See Shu"t Chasam Sofer (Y.D. 333) based on Sanhedrin 47a וכיון דאיקטול קרי להו עבדיך
& Rashi (Tehillim 79:2) בשר חסידיך - משקבלו פורענותם הרי הם חסידים  
A Yid whose life was cut short by a Goy killing him acquires his  כפרה

2) A Yid who was killed by an anti-Semite because he is Jewish. (Holocaust victims etc.)
See Shu"t Mahril 99, who refers to them as קדושי עליון and says on them
 אין כל בריה יכולה לעמוד במחיצתן   

3a) A Yid who was forced by a Goy to be Oiver one of the ג' עבירות (or any Mitzvah
if there is a Gezeira to be oiver) and was killed for refusing to be oiver, is a קדוש.     

3b) If this was done in front of 10 Yidden He is a מקדש  שם שמים ברבים
(Rambam יסודי התורה פרק ה.)     

4) A Yid who sacrificed his life to save other Yidden. He is the ultimate קדוש 
on whom Chazal (Bava Basra 10b) say  אין כל בריה יכולה לעמוד במחיצתן.

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