Wednesday, December 21, 2016

Lies And Lies

Daf Hashavua

Bava Metzia 87a

גדול שלום שאפילו הקב"ה שינה- ואדוני זקן/ואני זקנתי

The Mogen Avraham 157 quotes The Sefer Chasidim 
who writes when Chazal said you may say non truths 
for the sake of peace, " it only applies to the past and 
not for the future.

 The Sefer Chasidim explains this halacha :

Reuvain has the money but doesn’t want to lend it to  Shimon because he doesn’t trust him.
1)  Shimon asks Reuvain to lend him money. Reuvain may not lie and say he doesn’t have any money. (future)

2)  Shimon asks Reuvain How come last week when I asked you for money, you didn’t lend  me. Reuvain may answer falsely and say "I didn’t have any money." (past) 

Reuvain may do so because if he lies, there will be peace between  them but If he says the truth (I don’t trust you) then Shimon will be upset & angry.

The obvious question is:

If you may  lie for the sake of peace , why should there be a difference between past & future?

Mori V'Rabi Harav Hagaon Reb Shlomo Miller Shlita explained the reason for the  difference:

 "In case # 2) there are only two options  
a) lie – will be peace   

b) truth – will be upset & angry, therefore you may lie for peace.

In case #1)  there are three options  
a) lie,(don't have)    
b)  truth,(don't trust you)    
c) lend him the money.

The only time that you may lie is when lying is the only option for peace.

When you have another option to keep the peace   (lend the money)then you may not lie. You may lie only when the only alternative for peace is to lie".

1 comment:

  1. This is not a simple, clear cut, or light matter.

    Other authorities rule otherwise/more stringently.

    We know how much our Torah is opposed to falsehood.

    Note that the lashon used is not לשקר, but rather לשנות.


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