The Chasam Sofer (Shu"t 6 : 59) writes. "There are two obligations
1) be vindicated from Hashem
2) be vindicated from Bnei Yisroel.
It is much easier to fulfill the first obligation than the second one.
The punishment on the second obligation is also much greater.
You can have a person doing something which is Halachicly
correct, but isn't careful and some "שותי שכר" *(beer drinkers)
mistakenly accuses him of wrongdoing, such a person has not
fulfilled his obligation of והייתם נקיים(מישראל) .
It is almost impossible to fulfill this obligation. It is very likely
Shlomo Hamelech had this in mind when he
wrote אין צדיק בארץ
We find the Bnei Gad etc. followed
Moishe Rabbeinu's advice and fought along
with the other Shevatim for 14 years. They were punished
to be sent to Galus before the rest of Klall
Yisroel, because they haven't fulfilled 100% the obligation
of והייתם נקיים ."
*Interesting opinion the Chasam Sofer held on beer drinkers
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