Monday, April 22, 2013


Part 2
The Rezah was probably the first person to tamper with the nusach hatefilah. He
held that dikduk overrides the nusach established by the anshei knesses hagedola.
The Yavetz (R. Yakov Emden ) criticized him strongly. He published a sefer (Luach Eres)
whose sole purpose was to point out the mistakes and argue on the Rezah . In his Hakdama
he writes “It is unbelievable what he(Rezah) did. He destroyed and broke fences, moved into
territory that doesn’t belong to him and there he destroyed and built without permission.
He made changes whenever he felt like it.
He had the Haozoh (chutzpa) to tamper with the nusach of the Anshei Knesses Hagedola”.
The Yavetz also claimed that the haskama from the Chacham Zvi was forged, in order
to make for himself a great name(Rezah) .
R. Dovid Yitzchaki claimed that all the other Haskamos were also forged.
R. Mordechai Duseldorff wrote a Kunteres (Kunteres Hahasogos) with 192 proofs against the
Rezah. The Kunteres has a Haskama from the Noda B’yehuda .
After the Rezah another maskil and medakdek , Itzik Stanov appearead, and followed the
Rezah. He changed the nusach according to dikduk and from
leshon chazal to leshon Tanach. (Leisheiv Basukah to Losheves Basukah) etc.
Unfortunately this trend continued. In some Chasidic courts, they added and subtracted
from the original nusach of the Anshei Knesses Hagedola.
Eventually even in the mainstream siddurim, many changes crept in from
the Rezah and Itzik Stanov.
Untill 300 years ago , every siddur ,Yisgadal Veyiskadash was pronounced with a
patach. Rezah changed it to Yisgadeil Veyiskadeish with a tzeirei.
The Mishna Verura quotes the Pri Megodim who quotes the Rezah to say it
with a tzeirei. In most of the Litvishe Yeshivos they pronounce it with a tzeirei.

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