Friday, December 29, 2023

מדינת ישראל



                                השבעתי אתכם בנות ירושלים  
   שלש שבועות 

The Gemoro (כתובות קי"א) says on this Pasuk in שיר השירים                  Hashem made 3 שבועות, two with the בני ישראל and
one with the גויים.
1) They should not go up (to E. Yisroel) together
by force.
2) They should not rebel against the גויים.
3) The גויים. should not oppress the Yidden, harshly.

זהר in Parshas ויחי writes that “ בנות ירושלים
refers to the נשמה.  

1) The אבני נזר holds that since the שלש שבועות was
never made with the גוף (humans) The שבועה was made
only with the נשמה, therefore it does not apply to us.

The Gedolim supporting Agudas Yisroel, Shas
and רוב מנין ורוב בנין of Gedolei Yisroel,
even those who were against* the establishment of 
The state held that we need not be concerned with
the ג' שבועות. There is no such Halacha of ג' שבועות.**
for many other reasons***

*They opposed the establishment of the State for
Hashkafik reasons.

**The Satmar Rebbe R Yoel Teitelbaum zt"l argues
& holds that the ג' שבועות are applicable & הלכה למעשה

***1) The רי"ף ,רא"ש ,רמב"ם, טור,שו"ע  and scores of others,
non of them mention the ג' שבועות as a הלכה למעשה

ר' אריה ליב הכהן זצ"ל writes that his father the חפץ חיים
(anti Zionist) never ever mentioned בעל פה או בכתב 
the ג' שבועות. In all likelihood because the פוסק אחרון
held it not to be הלכה למעשה.

2) We can't establish a הלכה from a  מדרש אגדה.
The רמב"םאיגרת תימן refers to the ג' שבועות.
as a משל

3) The אבני נזר asks  Where and when did the Bnei Yisrael
ever accept the שלש שבועות?
The אבני נזר answers it never happened physically with the
Bnei Yisrael but with their נשמה and there is no עונש
for transgressing the שלש שבועות.

4) ר' חיים ויטל writes that the ג' שבועות.were only for the first
thousand years.

5) The הפלא"ה claims that the ג' שבועות. is only applicable
when coming from בבל and not from other countries.

6) Since the גויים didn't keep their part of the שבועה therefore
we are not bound to our part.


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