Tuesday, April 25, 2023

ה' אייר - אתחלתא דגאולה


 ה' אייר & מאה שערים-אתחלתא דגאולה

It was only after the arrival of the תלמידי בעל שם טוב
and תלמידי הגר"א that there was a Kibbutz of  Ashkenazi 
Yidden in Eretz Yisroel. 

Up until then, there were only a handful of Ashkenazi
Yidden in E.Yisroel. The vast majority were the Sephardim. 

The Sephardim felt threatened and intimidated by
the arrival of the Ashkenazi Yidden.

They were upset with the Ashkenazim for not willing to follow 
Minhag Eretz Yisroel and adopt the בית יוסף as 
the מרא דארעא ישראל (Rav of E.Yisroel) 

Ashkenazim continued with the פסקים of the רמ"א and kept up 
with their own Minhagim.

As the Ashkenazi community kept growing, so too did the animosity between the Sephardim and Ashkenazim. 

The Sephardim controlled the Tzedakos,
Shechita, Mikvaos, Chevra Kadisha, etc. This created major difficulties for the Ashkenazim. They suffered tremendously. 
being beholden & dependent on their Sephardic brethren. 


The Chasam Sofer even mentions this in the Teshuvos 
how one of his Talmidim described the suffering under 
the Sephardim.

Harav Meir Auerbach Zt"l (1815-1878) Mechaber of the
אמרי בינה the רב ראשי לאשכנזים was the one who decided to
brake away from the Sephardi Kehilla.

He established a separate Ashkenazi Kehilla. The first thing
he managed to do with great difficulty, was a separate
Ashkenazi שחיטה.

He also managed to take control of the funds from
Chutz Laaretz by sending out their own שד"ר
(Meshulachim-שלוחי דרבנן)

R Meir died at the young age of 62 years old. He didn't
complete the separation totally. The Chevra Kadisha
was still controlled by the Sephardim.

R Shmuel Salant Zt"l the successor of R. Meir was the one
who established an Ashkenazi Chevra Kadisha. By having
their own Chevra Kadisha, the total separation between
the Sephardim & Ashkenazim was complete.  

The Ashkenazim termed this occasion as the אתחלתא דגאולה
that was started by R Meir Auerbach and completed by
R Shmuel Salant. This was the beginning of the redemption 
of not being dependent on the Sephardim.

R Meir Auerbach was one of the founders of מאה שערים
& The Bikur Cholim Hospital

 מאה שערים was one of the first neighborhoods outside the
walled city.
R. Meir  Auerbach's Yahrzeit is on ה' אייר

Hence, the connection of מאה שעריםה' אייר  אתחלתא דגאולה




1 comment:

  1. Instead of creating שלום they created divisions which we still suffer from until today. השם ישמור!
    Don't celebrate such things rather tear kriyah.


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