ה' אייר & מאה שערים-אתחלתא דגאולה
only after the arrival of the תלמידי בעל שם טוב
and תלמידי הגר"א that there was a Kibbutz
Yidden in Eretz Yisroel.
until then, there were only a handful of Ashkenazi
Yidden in E.Yisroel. The vast majority
were the Sephardim.
The Sephardim felt threatened and intimidated by
the arrival of the Ashkenazi Yidden.
They were upset with the Ashkenazim for not willing to follow
Minhag Eretz Yisroel and adopt the בית יוסף
the מרא דארעא ישראל
(Rav of E.Yisroel)
with the פסקים
of the רמ"א and kept up
with their own Minhagim.
As the Ashkenazi community
kept growing, so too did the
animosity between the Sephardim and Ashkenazim.
Sephardim controlled the Tzedakos,
Shechita, Mikvaos, Chevra Kadisha, etc. This
major difficulties for the Ashkenazim. They suffered tremendously.
being beholden & dependent on
their Sephardic brethren.
The Chasam Sofer
even mentions this in the Teshuvos
how one of his Talmidim described
the suffering under
Harav Meir Auerbach Zt"l (1815-1878) Mechaber of the
אמרי בינה the רב ראשי לאשכנזים was the
one who decided to
brake away from the Sephardi Kehilla.
He established a separate Ashkenazi Kehilla. The first thing
he managed to do with great difficulty, was a separate
He also managed to take control of the funds from
Chutz Laaretz by sending out their own שד"ר.
R Meir died at the young age of 62 years old. He didn't
complete the separation totally. The Chevra Kadisha
was still controlled by the Sephardim.
R Shmuel Salant Zt"l the successor of R. Meir was the one
who established an Ashkenazi Chevra Kadisha. By having
their own Chevra Kadisha, the total separation between
the Sephardim & Ashkenazim was complete.
The Ashkenazim termed this occasion as the אתחלתא דגאולה
that was started by R
Meir Auerbach and completed by
Salant. This was the beginning of the
of not being dependent on the Sephardim.
R Meir Auerbach was one of the founders of מאה שערים
& The Bikur Cholim Hospital
מאה שערים was one
of the first neighborhoods outside the
Meir Auerbach's Yahrzeit is on ה' אייר
Hence, the connection of מאה שערים, ה' אייר & אתחלתא דגאולה
Instead of creating שלום they created divisions which we still suffer from until today. השם ישמור!ReplyDelete
Don't celebrate such things rather tear kriyah.