Friday, January 6, 2023

The 3 שבועות & the 3 שיטות

 

PARSHAS HASHAVUA  ויחי

 
                                
השבעתי אתכם בנות ירושלים  
 
                                         שלש שבועות 


The Gemoro (כתובות קי"א) says on this Pasuk in
שיר השירים                  Hashem made 3 שבועות, two with the בני ישראל and
one with the גויים.
 
1) They should not go up (to E. Yisroel) together
by force (like a wall)
2) They should not rebel against the גויים.
3) The גויים. should not oppress the Yidden, harshly.


                                     
שלש שיטות

The
זהר in Parshas ויחי writes that “ בנות ירושלים
refers to the 
נשמה.  

1) The
אבני נזר holds that since the שלש שבועות was made 
with the
נשמה and not the גוף   (humans), therefore it
never was applicable.
Many* other Gedolim also held that it never
applied but for different reasons.

2) The Gedolim supporting Agudas Yisroel, Shas etc.
hold that after the state was established 
a) we need not be concerned with the  
שלש שבועות
b)
having representatives in the Knesset is not only
not a problem but highly recommended (
מצוה)
(In previous generations we had representatives in 
Parliaments with Christian
מינים)

3) The
ויואל משה  & Gedolim following his שיטה,
hold,
a)  The 
שלש שבועות should be fully enforced
until the arrival of
משיח
b) It is
אסור to sit in the כנסת המינים as representatives
and thereby voting is also forbidden.


*Some of the reasons* why the ג' שבועות are not applicable:

1) The רי"ף ,רא"ש ,רמב"ם, טור,שו"ע  and scores of others,
non of them mention the ג' שבועות as a הלכה למעשה

ר' אריה ליב הכהן זצ"ל writes that his father the חפץ חיים
(anti Zionist) never ever mentioned בעל פה או בכתב 
the ג' שבועות. In all likelihood because the פוסק אחרון
held it not to be הלכה למעשה.

2) We can't establish a הלכה from a  מדרש אגדה.
The רמב"ם - איגרת תימן refers to the ג' שבועות.
as a משל

3) The אבני נזר asks  Where and when did the Bnei Yisrael
ever accept the שלש שבועות?

The אבני נזר answers it never happened physically with the
Bnei Yisrael 
but with their נשמה and there is no עונש
for transgressing the שלש שבועות.

4) ר' חיים ויטל writes that the ג' שבועות.were only for the first
thousand years.

5) The הפלא"ה claims that the ג' שבועות. is only applicable
when coming from בבל and not from other countries.

6) Since the גויים didn't keep their part of the שבועה therefore
we are not bound to our part.

 

 

 

 


 

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