are Halachos guidelines for one who travels during Chanukah. from Moreinu V'Rabeinu Hagaon
compiled by Harav
Hagaon R. Yehudah Gestetner Shlita
preferably not make travel plans that interfere with lighting the Menorah
in its proper time. Hadlokos Neiros of Chanukah was so important in
Chazals view, that it is one of the only Mitzvos that Chazal required a
person to spend ALL his money, (when one has no other option) in order to
fulfill this Mitzvah . It is therefore incumbent that we adhere to the
fulfillment of this Mitzvah accordingly.
If one has already purchased plane tickets to travel at a time that will
prevent one from lighting the Menorah in its proper time, and to change
the reservation would cause a significant monetary loss, it is
nonetheless praiseworthy to do so. (as Halacha mandates that one must
even sell the shirt off his back for the Mitzava of Hadlokos Neiros).
If one is flying abroad and the only way to light Bzman would require him
to take a mult-leg journey it is praiseworthy to do so.
Lchatichila one should arrange his travel plans in such a way that he
either leaves after the Zman Hadlakah, or that he has ample time to
arrive at his destination before the Zman Hadlakah.
If one lights the Menorah after the Zman Hadlakah and wishes to leave
right after he lights, he is not required to wait at home for a half an
hour after lighting before he leaves. He can leave immediately after
lighting as long as he ensures that the Neiros remain lit for an half an
hour after Tzais Hakochovim.
If one is travelling and is unable to light Bzman Hadlaka the following
order of preference should be followed, with the first on the list being
the most preferable at the last on the list being the least preferable.
If one is leaving during the day (even if leaving after Plag Hamincha)
and will be arriving at their destination during the night at a time when
others will be able to observe the lit Neiros he should light upon
arriving at his destination.
If one is leaving immediately after sunset (even if he usually lights
after Tzais Hacochovim) he should light after Shkiyah before leaving and
make sure there is enough oil for the light to stay lit until a half hour
after Tsais Hakochovim.
If one is leaving after Plag Hamincha (Plag according to the Gra in
Toronto is at 347pm) but before Shkiyah and won’t arrive at his
destination until the next morning, or if he will arrive during the night
but there won’t be anyone awake to observe the lit Neiros he should light
before before he leaves.
If one is leaving before Plag Hamincha and will be traveling by car
through the night and wont be arriving until the morning (and there is no
household memeber left at home who can light for him), he should stop at
a rest area and light the menorah in his car, and wait a half an hour.
This should be done sometime during the night when others can observe his
In all the above
cases the very last time one is allowed to light he menorah at night is a
half an hour before Alos Hashachar (Alos in Toronto is at 614 a.m.)
If one is taking the 445pm Air Canada flight from Toronto to Eretz
Yisroel from Pearson Airport (see above-highlighted sentence in red) the
following order of preference should be followed.
If a family member (a boy over Bar Mitzvah or a girl older than Bas
Mitzva) has remained at home, then that family member (preferably the
husband or the wife) should light the Menorah Bzman Hadlakh and be Moitzi
the family members that are traveling.
If no family member is left at home, then one should find a neighbor to
light at his home as a Shliach for the travelling family (only one
menorah needs to be lit even if multiple family members are traveling).
This lighting must take place at the front window even if usually his
Minhag is light inside the house.
The Shliach should first light his own Menorah in his own house with a
Brocho and immediately afterwards go to his neighbors’ home to light for
The Shliach should not talk between the lighting of his Menorah and that
of his neighbors.
The Shliach should not say “Hanaros Halalu” after lighting his own
menorah but rather after the lighting of his neighbors Menorah.
The Shliach should be sure to light his, and his Neighbours Menorah only
after Shkiyah but before his neighbours flight takes off.
If the Shliach spoke out or mistakenly after lighting his own menorah,
then the Shliach should make a new Brocho when lighting his neighbours
Menorah. If the Shliach mistakenly said “Hanaros Halalu” on his own
Menorah he does not make a new Brocho when lighting his neighbours
Once the plane takes off it is too late for the neighbour to light for
(Note that the above solution only works (bdieved) because Pearson
Airport is within the “Techum” of Toronto. This solution does
not necessarily work for all cities).
If one cannot find a Shliach to light for him after Shkiyah then he
should try to light after Plag Hamincha at his house (even if this means
returning to his house from the airport after he checks in) with a Brocho
(on the front window) making sure there is enough oil in his Menorah to
stay until a half an hour after Tzais Hakochavim.
One may not light in the airport Hadlokes Neiros (even if the airport
If nobody was able to light for him as a Shliach, and he was unable to
light at home after Plag Hamincha, or if the flight leaves before Plag
Hamincha and will only land at his destination after day break, one should
light with a battery-operated flashlight with an incandescent bulb at his
seat after takeoff. (One may not read or benefit from the light
during the first half hour of lighting.) One does not make a brocho when
lighting with a flashlight as this is extremely Bdieved.
One may not light
his menorah in any place dedicated to public use, and doing so would
constitute a Brocho Lvatalah.
One may not light a menorah in a hotel room if the hotel prohibits
lighting candles in the room. Doing so may be a Brocho
Lvatoloh.(for more details one should consult their Rav).
reviewed & corrected byהגרש"מ
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