Now You Know The Rest Of The Story..........
The Torah Matzav
Tuesday, April 5, 2022
The Kalir Killer
One of the
original פיוטים for שבת
הגדול is the פיוט "אדיר דר
מתוחים" *. This פיוט was supposedly written by R. Yanai.
R. Yanai was
one of the first פייטנים. He was the Rebbe of R. Elazar b. Hakalir.
Some claim, him to be the Tanna mentioned in Bavli & Yerushalmi.
An old כתב יד (manuscript) of R.
Efraim from Bonn (Ba’alei Tosfos) was found in the 18th
“In the land (region) of Lombardia (Italy) this פיוט is not recited. It
is said the reason for it is because R. Yanai was
jealous of his Talmid R.
Elazar b. Hakalir, whose פיוטים were much better than
placed a scorpion in the shoe of R.
E.b.Hakalir and it killed him. Hashem should forgive all
who repeat this story if it isn’t true”
(Luzatto) claims this story to be unbelievable, absurd, and not true.
He has 3 proofs that it can’t be true.
1) In all homes on the 1st. Seder night we say Yanai's Piyut “ובכן ויהי
2) The שבלי
הלקט quotes the R.
Gershom Meor Hagolah who praises highly R. Yanai.
3) The 300  year old Soncino
Machzor has the פיוט in there. Today (200years
ago) they do say it in Lombardia.
Perhaps one more proof.אמבצי
4) Tosfos (Meseches
Zevachim 95b) quotes this Piyut.
Had he have been a murderer, the above would not have been said or
עירה לתוכו זבחים צ"ה ע:"ב
This Piyut is
only found in the אוצר התפילות Siddur.to be said during Musaf. It is not
found in other Siddurim.