Sunday, December 16, 2018

THE GREAT WONDER


                                     THE GREAT WONDER


The Mechaber in Shulchan Aruch (O. Ch. 580) lists additional fast days.

One of the fast days is on the 9th day in Teves. “It is unknown what צרה happened on that day”.

The ט"ז writes" תימה גדולה  (It's a great wonder) that the Bais Yosef doesn't know what happened that day. In our Selichos (אזכרה מצוק) it is written that Ezra Hasofer died on the 9th of the month".

It is interesting, this Piyut is said, only by Ashkenazim. The Sefardim say  the Piyut “שעה עליון” and the Piyut “יושב בשמים”.
In both of these Piyutim, it is mentioned that Ezra Hasofer died on the 10th of Teves.

The Mechaber, being  Sefardi, must have held that Ezra died on the 10th and therefore there shouldn't be a wonder why he didn’t know what happened on the 9th of Teves.


The Tosfos Chadoshim on Megillas Ta’anis writes that
Yeisho Hanotzri ym”s was born on the 9th of Teves.
Chazal were scared of the Nochrim, to publicize
that we fast on his birthday.

1 comment:

  1. Sefer Chasidim, chapter 617:

    “Furthermore, if one is agitated due to
    the fasting and thus becomes irritable
    over petty things and gets angry at people
    around him for every little thing,
    he has defeated the purpose of the fast
    and is better off not having fasted.”

    ===================================
    Sefer Orchot Tzaddikim, Shaar HaAhavah (5th chapter of the book):

    “It is not good for one to always fast,
    lest his strength wane and his mind weaken.”

    ===================================
    Sefer Orchot Tzaddikim, Shaar HaCaas (12th chapter of the book):

    “When a man is fasting or beset by some
    affliction, he is more susceptible to anger…”

    ===================================
    Sefer Orchot Tzaddikim, Shaar HaTeshuvah (26th chapter of the book):

    “But one must not over-afflict himself
    with fasting, lest his heart grow weak
    and his mind distracted and his loss be
    more than his gain, his weakness causing
    him to neglect Torah-study and prayer.”

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