Monday, November 19, 2018

Is last least?

Is last least?

It is customary when calling up the last speaker at a simcha or function to say  "אחרון אחרון חביב".
It is also customary to honour special people with ברכה אחריתא.
It's done so, as to suggest that this כיבוד is a חשובע כיבוד 
Is last, more of a כיבוד than the ones before?

The phrase אחרון אחרון חביב comes from Rashi in Parshas וישלח .
Yakov placed his family to stand in front of Eisav , in the order of his love for them. Hence, first the Shfochos & their children then Leah & her children and אחרון אחרון חביב Rochel & Yosef. ( distanced farthest  from Eisav) They were placed there for greater protection and has nothing to do with כבוד.
 It is very likely that the last כיבוד is the least of the כיבודים and the phrase is used, when calling up the last one, just to appease him for getting the last (least) כיבוד.

The Gemoro in Gittin 60a & Shulchan Aruch O.Ch. 136 lists whom to call up
to the Torah after Kohen & Levi. The Gemoro says you start with the most חשובע person (Talmid Chacham & Parnes ) until you get to the last two עליות 
(שישי* & שביעי) where everyone can be עולה.  According to the Gemoro and Shulchan Aruch , last עליות  are the least כיבוד.

The Mishna Verurah  (136 sk5) writes in the name of the Achronim , 
"Today the Minhag Is for the Godol Hatzibur (The Rov etc.) to be mesayem the sidrah"  (takes Achron.)

There might be two reasons for this practice. a) אין המצוה נקראת אלא על מי שגומרה
b) The Rabonim who are עולה אחרון are practicing humility. (Praven Anivus)

For this reason שישי became a חשובע עליה. Being the Gemoro says that
From שישי and on everyone may be עולה, there were Rabonim who were humble
and asked to be called up for שישי . Eventually, it became the חשובע עליה to
be given to Rabonim.

*The Zohar disagrees with the Bavli and considers Shishi as a Chashuva Aliya.

1 comment:

  1. The word חשובע is not found anywhere in:
    Tanach, Mishnah, Jerusalem Talmud, Babylonian Talmud, Midrash, Shulchan Aruch, or any classic commentaries on those books.

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